THE STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE 2002

Contents

Foreword
Glossary
Explanatory note


PART I
World review

I. CURRENT AGRICULTURAL SITUATION – FACTS AND FIGURES

1. Trends in undernourishment
2. Crop and livestock production
3. Food shortages and emergencies
4. World cereal supply situation
5. External assistance to agriculture
6. Food aid flows
7. Commodity price trends
8. Fisheries: production, disposition and trade
9. Production and trade of forest products

II. THE GLOBAL ECONOMY AND AGRICULTURE

World economic environment
World trade and commodity prices
Implications of the Fourth World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference for agriculture

NOTES

PART II
Regional review

I. AFRICA

Regional overview
General economic performance
Agricultural performance
Women farmers’ productivity in sub-Saharan Africa
Introduction
The role and importance of women farmers
Gender differentials in agricultural productivity and constraints facing women farmers
Conclusion and policy implications
Tsetse and trypanosomiasis control
Introduction
The direct impact of trypanosomiasis
The indirect impacts of the disease
Cost–benefit ratios for tsetse control
Conclusion

II. ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Regional overview
General economic performance
Agricultural performance
China’s accession to the World Trade Organization and implications for Chinese agricultural policies
The changing role of agriculture in the Chinese economy
Agricultural policy in the reform period
China’s WTO accession commitments and provisions related to agriculture
Recent policy shifts and likely changes as a result of accession to the WTO
Conclusions

III. LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Regional overview
General economic performance
Recent agricultural performance
Changing patterns in agricultural trade
Growing importance of agricultural trade relative to production
Declining role of agriculture in total merchandise trade
Stable regional share in world agricultural trade
Diversified product composition of agricultural trade
Geographic diversification of markets
Agricultural trade balances and their economic significance
The price factor
Conclusions

IV. NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA

Regional overview
General economic performance
Agricultural performance
Climate variability, aridity and vulnerability to drought
Drought – a structurally recurrent phenomenon in the region
Water and land resource issues
Impact of recent droughts on crop and livestock production
Impact on population livelihood, household income and rural poverty
Impact on the environment
Government measures for drought prevention and relief of affected groups
From reactive crisis management to proactive risk management in agriculture

V. CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

Regional overview
Macroeconomic trends and agricultural performance
Land and farms in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS in the period of central planning
Land and farm reform in Central and Eastern European and CIS countries
The establishment of clear and secure rights of land tenure
The creation of farms with an efficient ownership and management structure
The formation of a class of mid-sized commercial farms
Conclusions

VI. DEVELOPED MARKET ECONOMIES

Overview
General economic performance
Agricultural performance
Agricultural policy changes

NOTES

PART III
Agriculture and global public goods ten years after the Earth Summit

I. THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURE AND LAND IN THE PROVISION OF GLOBAL PUBLIC GOODS

Introduction
Economic concept of local and global public goods
Public goods associated with the land-cluster chapters of Agenda 21
Progress in the provision of global public goods since Rio-92
Financing global public goods
The need to increase international financial cooperation for promoting global public goods
Conclusions

II. HARVESTING CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH LAND-USE CHANGE: A WAY OUT OF RURAL POVERTY?

Introduction
Climate change and land use: causes and impacts
Background on the issue of climate change
The role of carbon sequestration through land use in mitigating climate change
The Clean Development Mechanism and the potential for carbon payment programmes to stimulate land- use change
Poverty and land use
Forestry and types of land use affecting above-ground carbon sinks
Land uses that affect soil-based carbon sinks
Poor land-users as carbon credit suppliers
Under what conditions would the poor be willing participants in carbon sequestration schemes?
Under what conditions would the poor be competitive carbon sequestration providers?
Carbon market design, transactions costs and poor land-users
Conclusions

NOTES

Annex table
Countries and territories used for statistical purposes in this publication
 


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