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Global Trends
 
This is a place where you can get a visual overview of what is happening around the world. Important regional and global information is presented in the form of charts and graphs, sometimes accompanied by insightful summaries. On screen or in hard copy, the graphs and charts listed below are useful visual aids for all teachers.

We are always adding new graphs and new charts. If there are any specific graphs you require, e-mail us and we'll do our best to find or generate one for you. If we can't do it, we'll let you know where the best possible source would be.

You can download or print these graphs for free, as long as they are being used for educational purposes.

Population | Health | Food and Agriculture | Women | Children | Economic Development | Climate and Environment | Social Indicators

 

Population
World Population by age and sex 1995 and 2025
In 1999, the world population will reach 6 billion !
Source: WHO

World Population Growth Actual and Projected, 1950-2050
The rate and acceleration of population growth worldwide.
Source: UNFPA

Urban and rural population, world, 1955-2015
Source: WHO

Age and Sex structure of the population 1950-2050: Least Developed Countries
This is an animated graph! This graph, from the UN Population Fund, demonstrates how the population will grow and how it will age over the decades.
Source: UNFPA

Capital cities and cities over 100,000 inhabitants
Global or regional maps
Source: UN Statistics Division

World's 15 Largest Cities, 1994 AND 2015 (projected)
This document from 1996 is in Adobe Acrobat format. It will load automatically when thie link is clicked.
Source: UNFPA

Percentage of population living in urban areas 1950-2025
In most countries, the urban population is growing faster than the total population.
This is an Adobe Acrobat file.
Source: UNFPA

Natural increase as a percentage of urban growth
This Acrobat file can be found by scrolling down the page to the section entitled "Charts and Graphs." Source: UNFPA

Urban Growth In Western Africa
The rate of urban growth is highest in Africa, where the proportion of people living in urban centers is expected to increase from less than one in four in 1970 to more than half by the year 2025.
Source: OCDE/FAO

World Population aged 65 and above, 1997
Source: WHO

World Polulation aged 65 and above, 2025
Source: WHO


Health
Causes of death 1985, 1990, 1997
Distribution of deaths by main causes by level of development
Source: WHO

Age structure of deaths, 1955-2025
World, Least Developed Countries and Developed Market Economies
Source: WHO

Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS end of 1997
Source: UNAIDS

Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV during 1997
Source: UNAIDS

Estimated number of children who are orphans because of AIDS, since the beginning of the epidemic
Source: UNAIDS

New infectious diseases in humans and animals since 1976
Countries where cases first appeared or were first identified
Source: WHO World Health Report 1997
(click on "press kit"; Acrobat file, page 9)

Selected emerging and re-emerging disease outbreaks in 1995
At least 30 new diseases have been scientifically recognized around the world in the last 20 years.
Source: WHO World Health Report 1997
(click on "press kit"; Acrobat file, page 9)

Deaths due to selected infectious diseases, 1995 estimates
About 6.6 people died from all types of cancer in 1995. Three main cancers are linked to infections.
Source: WHO World Health Report 1997
(click on "press kit"; Acrobat file, page 12)

The 10 biggest killers
About 52 million people died from all causes in 1995. Of these, more than 17 million were killed by infectious diseases.
Source: WHO World Health Report 1997
(click on Press kit; Acrobat file,
page 12)

Major cancers in men and women, 1996
Source: WHO World Health Report 1997

Reported incidence of polio 1987
Source: WHO

Reported incidence of polio 1997
Source: WHO

Percentage of population with access to safe water 1990-1994
Source: UNDP

Percent of household with access to a hygenic means of excreta disposal
(choose "Data coloured world maps" and "sanitation")
Source: UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).

Nutrition
Number of persons chronically undernourished in developing countries.
Source: FAO

Regional distribution of children suffering from insufficient growth, 1990
Undernutrition and malnutrition in children affect not only physical but also mental dvelopment.
Source: FAO

Mapping Undernutrition
Percentage of population undernourished: 1969- 71 and 1990-92
Source: FAO

Progress in achieving global targets for health for all by the year 2000
Life expectancy at birth -target: over 60 years; Under-5 mortality rate -target: 70 per 1000 live births and Infant mortality rate -target: below 50 per 1000 live births.
Source: WHO


Social Indicators
Drugs

Main traffic and production of illegal drugs
Source: UNESCO/PEDRO

Refugees

Major refugee Areas Worldwide
Source: UNHCR

Major situations of displacement worldwide
Source: UNHCR

Major returnee population worldwide
Source: UNHCR

Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa
Source: UNHCR

Central Asia,South Asia and Middle East Areas of return
Source: UNHCR

Kosovo, Situation map
Source: UNHCR

Refugees and returnees in South-East Asia
Source: UNHCR

Education

Adult illiteracy rate 1995
(internal link: can click on regions to view data)
Source: POPIN

Gross enrolment ratios (%)
Primary Secondary Higher education in Asia and Oceania. The total enrolment at primary and second levels, regardless of age, divided by the population of the total age group defined in each country for the first and second levels of education.
(Acrobat File: Unesco Sources, May 1998, Page 21)
Source: World Education Report (Infography: A. Darmon).

World Education Indicators (internal link) Consult these topics:
Access to schooling
Participation in education
Internal efficiency
Pupil-teacher ratio
Public expenditure on education
Illiteracy
Source: UNESCO

Food

Some effects of global warming on agriculture
Long-term fluctuations in weather patterns could have extreme impacts on agricultural production, slashing crop yields and forcing farmers to adopt new agricultural practices in response to altered conditions.
Source: FAO

Global Hunger: widespread, persistent, unacceptable
Number of persons chronically undernourished in developing countries.
Source: FAO

Increase In Numbers Of Fishers Around The World Since 1970
The number of men and women deriving an income from fishing has more than doubled since 1970.
Source: FAO


Women
Women's activity rates for the age group 20-54 years in 1950, 1970, 1990 and 2010
Indicated by: world, more developed and less developed regions. Global women's economic activity rates have climbed from 54 per cent in 1950 to 67per cent in 1996 and are expected to reach almost 70 per cent in 2010.
Source: ILO (International Labour Organization)

Maternal Mortality Ratios, 1990
Number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, by region/subregion
Source: WHO

Causes of Maternal death, 1990
Causes of death to women during pregancy or giving birth
Source: WHO

Birth to women under 20 and over 35, 1990-1995
Indicated per level of development and region.
Source: WHO

Deaths from unsafe abortion
Source: WHO

Also see Women, under Social Indicators


Children
Infant Mortality
Deaths under one year of age per 1,000 live births (Data coloured world maps, choose "infant mortality")
Source: United Nations Population Division, UNICEF, United Nations Statistical Division, World Bank
and US Bureau of the Census.

Unimmunized infants 1980-1996
Percentage of infants not given vaccinations.
Source: WHO

Child malnutrition
Percent of under-fives moderately or severly underweight (Data coloured world maps, choose "Child malnutrition")
Source: Demographic and Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and World Health
Organization (WHO).

The world's children: How many ? How old ?
The world's children (0-18 years) number over 2 billion. Nearly 9 out of 10 of them (87 per cent) live in developing countries.
(choose: PDF Version, Acrobat File download part 1, page 25)
Source: UN Population Division, World Population Prospects

The working child
1 out of every 4 children in the developing world work (choose: PDF Version, Acrobat File download part 1, page 26, first graph)
Source: based on ILO surveys

Long days, long weeks
Of the projected 190 million working children in the 10-14 age group in the developing world, three quarters of them work six days a week or more and one half work nine hours a day or more. (choose: PDF Version, Acrobat File download part 1, page 26, secondgraph)
Source: based on ILO surveys

Child Labour: At what age ?
Legal minimum ages for different types of work, in selected countries. (choose: Fact Sheet, download Fact Sheets, page3)
Source: Conditions of Work Digest, ILO, Geneva, 1995.

A working day in the life of a 10-year-old girl in Nepal
In the peak season... In the slack season...She spends 12 out of 14 waking hours labouring at her chores.
(choose: Fact Sheet, download Fact Sheets, page5; put the two graphs on one page!)
Source: Victoria Johnson, Joanna Hill and Edda Ivan-Smith, Listening to smaller voices, ACTIONAID, London, 1995.


Climate and Environment
Some effects of global warming on agriculture
Long-term fluctuations in weather patterns could have extreme impacts on agricultural production, slashing crop yields and forcing farmers to adopt new agricultural practices in response to altered conditions.
Source: FAO

Contribution of greenhouse gases to global warming, 1980-1990
Agricultural activities are responsible for large-scale emissions of greenhouse gases.
Source: FAO

Projected emissions of greenhouse gases, 1990-2100
Source: FAO

Desertification of Africa
How spreading deserts threaten Africa. The main cause of desertification is not drought, but mismanagement of the land, including overgrazing and felling of trees and brushwood for fuel.
Source: FAO

Main cause of dryland soil degradation by region
Desertification does not refer to the moving forward of exsisting deserts but to the formation, expansion or intensification of degraded patches of soil and vegetation cover.
Source: FAO

Climatic impacts of warm El Niño events (October-March)
El Niño has different impacts in different parts of the world and at different times of the year.
Source: FAO

Climatic impacts of warm El Niño events (April-September)
El Niño has different impacts in different parts of the world and at different times of the year.
Source: FAO

Where have all the forests gone?
Main categories of forest cover change by geographic regions, 1980–90 (changes as percentages of 1980 regional forest area; closed and open forest)
Source: FAO

Forest areas by main regions in 1995

Source: FAO

Countries with the largest percentage of the world's forests
(Choose: ‘State of the world Forest 1997', Acrobat file, page 13)
Source: FAO

Comparison of 1980 and 1995 forest areas
Change shown as percentage of 1980 forest areas by region, except former USSR (Choose: ‘State of the world Forest 1997', Acrobat file, page 18) Source: FAO

Forest areas by main regions in 1995
Source: FAO

Percentage Forest Loss In Selected Developing Countries, 1980-1990
Source: FAO

Economic Development
Long term pattern of economic growth and human development progress
Source: United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 1996.

Employment opportunities expand at different rates despite similar economic growth
Source: United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 1996.

Similar income, different human development 1993
Source: United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 1996.

Purchasing power: Industrialized vs. Developing countries
The gap continues to widen between strong industrialized economies and those in the developing world.

Source: World Bank 1995 data.


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